New apple and pear cultivars, created at Fruit Research Station (FRS)
Auriu de Cluj
Origin: Cluj X-5-52 [(III-VI-5-26 x N.J.46) x (Parmain d’or – open pollination)] x Mutsu
Description: The trees has a moderate vigour.Early bearing, abundant and constantly fruiting. Fruits are big size, conic-truncated shaped, green-yellow color, white flesh, crispy, tasty, juicy. High organoleptic quality, and commercial looks, early ripen, last decade of July, first decade of August.
Origin: N.J.R.55 x Sir Prize
Description: The trees are moderate vigour growth, grafted on low vigour rootstock (eg. M9, M26) bearing precocious. The fruits are big, conic globosely, yellow and carmine covered on the sun side; pulp is white, crispy, juicy.It is a early maturity cultivar, optimum time for eating being the first part of August.
Precoce de Ardeal
Origin: Cluj X-5-71 (Feleac x Sir Prize ) x Prima
Description: The vigour of the trees is supra-moderate. Spreading crown, lax. Tolerant to apple scab attack. Fruits are red-carmine, tasty, crispy, sweet-acidulate. Ripen period: end of July, starting of August.
Productiv de Cluj
Origin: Cluj III-VI-5-26 (Parmen d’or – open pollination) x N.J.46.
Description: Trees are moderate vigour, with basiton tendency of growth. Very yielding cultivar. The fruits are ripening in the first decade of September, as Prima cultivar. Fruits are suitable for industry and cooking.
Haydeea: Beurre Hardy x Beurre Six
Ina Estival: Napoca x Cluj 16-2-9 (President Drouard x Williams)
Virgiliu Hibernal: Passe Crassane x Contesa de Paris
Jubileu 50: Napoca x Beurre Precoce Morettini
Milenium: Cluj 16-4-12 (Josephine de Malines x Doctor Lucius) x Countess of Paris
Roșioară de Cluj: Red Williams x Beurre Giffard
Trees are semi-vigourous fruiting.
High productivity and constancy.
Autumn ripening, starting with the second part of September.
Fruits are medium size, piriform shape, nice colour, yellow with red on sun side.
The taste are good, sweet-sour, with fine favour.
Adequate response to Venturia pirina, Mycosphaerella sentina and Psylla sp. attack.
Good compatibility with different rootstock (quince, franc).
Fruiting on mixt formation.
Summer cultivar (second of August).
High quality fruits, big size, pyriform elongated, red colour, tasty, sweet-acidulate, without sclereids.
Winter cultivar, good quality of fruits.
The fruits could be preserved in natural conditions until April-May.
Summer ripen of fruits (starting with August, 10).
Fruits are medium size, pyriform-elongated shape, yellow bright, eventually with a red area on sun exposition
Good taste, fondante, juicy, fine flavour.
High production potential, constantly bearing, compatibility with quince rootstock.
Medium vigour, large crown.
Large size fruits, conic-truncated, asymmetrically, yellow-lemon colour.
Rosioară de Cluj
Early ripening (the second decade of July); short period for optimum consume.
Fruits with medium size, pyriform shape, red carmine colour, soft pulp.